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John Harper Long: Born 1856, B.S. Kansas, 1879, worked 3 years in Tubingen with Lothar Meyer. In 1881 became teacher of chemistry at Northwestern University College of Liberal Arts in Evanston, later joined the Northwestern University Medical School faculty. Consulting chemist to the State Board of Health of Illinois and to the Board of Health in Chicago. Active in organizing the Congress of Chemists at the World's Columbian Exposition in 1893, which let to the formation of the Chicago Section of the American Chemical Society in 1895 with Long as treasurer. President of the ACS in 1903. Died in 1918.

1888 Dr. Wallace C. Abbott begins producing dosimetric granules in his apartment on Chicago's North Side. His company will incorporate in 1900 as Abbott Alkaloidal Company, changing to Abbott Laboratories in 1915.

1888 Sherwin-Williams Company, which had been founded in 1873 in Cleveland, opens manufacturing facility in Chicago in 1888 to supply paints and finishes for the Pullman Company and for the farm-implement and carriage industries.

1889 Standard Oil (Indiana) founded. (The company's name will be changed to Amoco in 1985).

1890 Searle, a company founded in Omaha by druggest Gideon Daniel Searle, relocates to Chicago. In April, 1908 it will be formally incorporated as G. D. Searle & Co.